Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to develop in the mouth.
The issue with wisdom teeth is that not everyone has enough space in their jaw for the teeth to erupt. Sometimes, this leads to wisdom teeth only partially coming through the gum. Furthermore, wisdom teeth do not always erupt in the right direction and have been known to sit horizontally facing the tooth in front of it.
There are several general reasons as to why wisdom teeth need to be removed:
Due to partial eruption, a lot of food can collect around the tooth, leading to gum infections around the tooth.
Due to the awkward direction of the tooth when it erupts, it can damage the tooth in front of it or the tissue (such as the cheek) around it
As wisdom teeth are located at the back of the mouth, many people find it difficult to clean their wisdom teeth and this can lead decay of the tooth. Sometimes it is easier and better for the patient’s long term oral health to remove the tooth.
Most extractions of wisdom teeth take place without any problems, though on occasion the difficult position of the tooth and the unpredictable shape of its roots can lead to difficult cases.
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