Gum disease and pregnancy – Many women can develop gum disease during pregnancy because of natural hormonal changes in the body. If gum disease becomes severe, the infection can affect an unborn baby’s development. Severe gum disease in an expectant mother can increase the risk of premature birth and of delivering a low birth weight baby. There may be possible long-term health risks for a child born prematurely or of low birth weight.
Signs of gum disease include:
red gums (instead of pink)
If you suspect you may have gum disease, talk to a dentist or other oral health professional. Gum disease can be treated, although the type of treatment will depend on the severity of the infection.
Smoking – Smoking while pregnant is not good for you and your unborn baby. If you smoke, consider quitting or reducing the number of cigarettes you smoke per day.
Eat a nutritious diet every day including fruits, vegetables, grains, beans and lean meats.
Eat calcium-enriched foods such as dairy or soy alternatives.
Try not to eat too many sweet foods.
Drink lots of tap water, especially if fluoridated.
Drink non-sweetened dairy milk or calcium-fortified alternatives. Calcium is important for your baby’s bones and teeth.
Try not to drink too many sugary drinks.
Brush your teeth twice a day for 2 to 3 minutes.
Aim the bristles of the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle, towards the gum line.
Floss your teeth at least once a day
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